In 2011, California state legislature passed Senate Bill 459, prohibiting the willful misclassification of individuals as independent contractors. This new legislation creates civil penalties of $5,000 to $25,000 per violation. It also prohibits charging fees to or making deductions from the compensation paid to those misclassified workers.
Misclassifying workers as independent contractors can be advantageous for employers for several reasons:
- Independent contractors are not covered by California’s minimum wage and overtime protection laws.
- Independent contractors do not receive workers’ compensation coverage if they are injured on the job.
- Independent contractors do not have family leave or unemployment insurance.
- Independent contractors do not have a legal right to organize or join a union.
- Independent contractors do not have protection against employer retaliation.
The misclassification of an employee as an independent contractor creates an unfair advantage for an employer, as the employer avoids paying these benefits that an employee is otherwise entitled to receive.
An employee can be distinguished from a contractor in the following ways:
Typically, a contractor can operate independently without a company telling them exactly how and when a job must be done. A contractor does not report directly to anyone at the company, and is not required to be on site at the workplace for specific hours. An employee is typically told exactly how and when a job must be done. An employee reports directly to their employer at the company, and is usually required to be on site at the workplace for specific hours.
If you believe that your employer is wrongfully classifying you as an independent contractor when you should be classified as an employee, please contact our office at (424) 380-6662 or fill out the form here to schedule a free initial consultation.
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